Cloud manufacturing transfers the principles of cloud computing (Everything-as-a-Service, XaaS) to the manufacturing environment, where it propagates Manufacturing-as-a-Service (MaaS). The aim is to design production networks more flexibly by creating virtual companies. Suitable IT platforms link production sites and facilities according to orders. This calls for the quick and easy technical integration of IT systems in order to execute business processes efficiently and assure the exchange of information.
Production information, i.e. product and process data, is also taken into account. To ensure that such platforms are implemented efficiently, interfaces need to be developed as well as functionalities for the management of production capabilities and capacities. Further functionalities are required for order management, tracking products regardless of their place of manufacture and for process optimization. Access rights in the manufacturing alliance also require consideration.